EWS Certificate Application: Economically Weaker Section is the division of the General Category that is financially unstable. Economically Weaker Section is popularly abbreviated as EWS. Those who belong to this subcategory receive 10% reservation benefits in any Government Job or Admission. The government issues EWS Certificate in order to prove that the holder belongs to the category and is eligible to claim relative benefits. EWS Certificate is different from the Income Certificate and is not a Caste Certificate. It is a legal document to verify that the candidate can avail of the benefits specified for the category. Those who belong to EWS must apply for a certificate and subsequently furnish it whenever required. Read all the details pertaining to the Economically Weaker Section Section in the article written below and also check the application procedure as specified by the Government of India.
EWS Certificate Application 2022
The EWS Certificate is a certificate that proves that a candidate belongs to the Economically Weaker Section. It is somewhat similar to Income and an Asset Certificate but is only confined to a certain section. It contains details regarding both, the Income of the Holder and his/her Assets. The Government of India passed a law in the year 2019 according to which, those belonging to the EWS subcategory will be able to certainly avail of a 10% reservation. As per the law, reservation is applicable in Government Jobs and Admissions at higher education levels. Thus, the candidates are suggested to attest to the certificate if they are applying for jobs or institutes with EWS seats.
The law further paved a way for the betterment and upliftment of the financially pressed section of society. Post the effect of the law, there are numerous financially weak citizens who have received Government Jobs and admissions to top Government Colleges. Furthermore, this resulted in an opportunity that changed their lives.
The President of India approved the law regarding the access of a new subcategory under the General Category on 12 January 2019. Following that, on 14 January 2019, Gujarat became the very first state to legislate the law and provide necessary benefits to those belonging to the EWS category. The reservation scheme was tabled on 8 January 2019 in Lok Sabha and was approved on the same day. The law came into action with the thought of uplifting the poor as well as providing them equal opportunities. Providing employment and education is one of the best ways to eradicate poverty and help the underprivileged.
Highlights: EWS Certificate Application
|Name of the Certificate||Economically Weaker Section or EWS Certificate|
|Purpose||To prove the eligibility for the Economically Weaker Section or EWS|
|Certificate Type||Category Certificate|
|Introduced By||Government of India|
|The benefit of the Certificate||It proves that the holder belongs to the EWS section and enables them to receive benefits of reservation under the sub-category|
|Issued By||Authority of District Revenue Officers|
|Issued To||Citizens belonging to the Economically Weaker Section|
|Issued For||10% Reservation in Government Jobs and Admissions in Government Institutes|
|Mode of Application||Online or Offline|
|Certificate Validity||1 Year|
Purpose of Economically Weaker Section Certificate
Candidates who belong to the Economically Weaker Section or EWS category need proof of that. In order to claim the applicable benefits under the category, they need an EWS Certificate. This certificate is not an Income Certificate or asset proof but a compilation of all documents. It serves as the identity of the EWS citizens. Moreover, when applying for Government Jobs or higher education in Government Institutes, the citizens can submit the EWS Certificate to claim a 10% reservation. President Ram Nath Kovind passed the EWS Bill in 2019 and as per the bill, the following need to reserve 10% seats under the EWS category:
- Central Government Jobs and Recruitments such as the ones under Union Public Service Commission, Staff Selection Commission, and more.
- Seats in Government Colleges and other Higher Education Institutes certainly reserve 10% Seats for EWS Candidates.
- Recruitments conducted by the Semi-Government Bodies and State Bodies need to reserve 10% Seats for the category GEN-EWS.
- Government Schemes and Scholarships should also have 10% reservation for Candidates who belong to EWS.
While applying for the above-mentioned Recruitments, Admissions, Schemes, and more, the candidates who wish to avail of the reservations, need to attest to an EWS Certificate.
What is the Economically Weaker Section or EWS?
The Economically Weaker Section is a subcategory under the General Category. Those who belong to this section will surely receive benefits for being financially underprivileged. There is an intricate and detailed eligibility criterion that was announced upon approval of the EWS bill. The citizen who is seeking reservations for 10% of the seats in Government Jobs and Government Institutions can only do so if they possess the certificate at the time of recruitment or admission. A citizen cannot belong to the EWS category only on the basis of Income. He/She will have to provide respective proofs of their assets and other details.
The citizens under EWS satisfy the ensuing eligibility conditions:
- Category: The applicant must belong to the General Category. The Scheduled Tribes, Scheduled Castes, Other Backward Classes, Physically Handicapped, and other categories are already reserved and consequently can claim the respective benefits under the same. Hence, only a general category citizen can apply for the EWS Certificate.
- Income: As per the EWS Law, the citizens who are applying for the Economically Weaker Section can only apply if their family income is less than Rs. 8 Lakhs per annum. This implies that the combined income of all the earning members of the family should be less than Rs. 8 Lakhs in a year. The family income is calculated after the consideration of all the sources of earnings. This includes multiple earning members and means of income such as business, jobs, pension, and more.
- Agricultural Property: The citizens who possess land meant for agricultural purposes and is less than 5 acres can apply as well. There is a strict emphasis on the agricultural part and implies to the farmers. Authorities will not consider the land if its purpose is other than farming. Such citizens who satisfy all the conditions but possess land of more than 5 acres will not be considered eligible.
- Residential Property: The Government of India has announced that applicants should not possess any residential plot or flat more than 100 sq ft. For non notified municipality divisions, the residence area should be less than 200 sq yards. However, for a notified municipality sector, the limit of property is lowered and should not be more than 100 sq yards. The residential plot can be passed by any member of the family and will still be taken into account.
What does Family imply during the calculation of Income and Properties?
While summarising the assets and income of an applicant for the purpose of an EWS Certificate, the authorities consider the possessions of his/her family. But, what does family mean according to the government, and who all are included during the calculations? The Authorities will consider the following as the family members of the Applicant while issuing an Economically Weaker Section Certificate:
- Parents of the Applicant.
- Spouse of the Applicant until proved divorced or estranged
- Children of the Applicant who are less than 18 years of Age
- Siblings who are less than 18 years of age as well
Eligibility Criteria for EWS Certificate Application
The issuance of the EWS Certificate is entirely on the basis of the satisfaction of the eligibility criteria. An applicant who is unable to satisfy the eligibility conditions will be straightaway denied the document. The candidates who will satisfy the following eligibility conditions will successfully receive the EWS Certificates:
- The citizen should be an Indian by nationality.
- The applicant belongs to the Unreserved or General or UR Category only.
- The family income of the applicant combined from all the sources and considering all the earning members should be less than Rs. 8 Lakhs per annum.
- The applicant should not posses any residential property more than 100 sq ft.
- In case the applicant owns agricultural land, the plot should not be more than 5 Acres.
- The candidate is able to furnish all the required documents that shall prove the above-mentioned criteria.
Documents Needed for Application for EWS Certificate
The candidates need to not only be eligible at the time of application but also be able to furnish the relevant documents so as to prove that. There are certain identity documents that also need to e shown during the application procedure. In the case of offline applications, the citizens must keep the photo of the document copied and also have the original copies. If the state is accepting online applications, the candidates will have to scan the original documents and upload them with the application form. The applicants need to possess the following documents:
- Passport-sized photograph of the Applicant
- Signature of the Candidate
- To serve as an identity proof, the candidates need to have an Aadhaar Card
- An Affidavit or a Self Declaration Document needs to be submitted by the applicant
- Land or property documents
- Residential proof of the Applicant and Family
- Income Certificate of all the Members of the Family
- Domicile Certificate of the State
- Other documents, in case of Authorities, specify any
Who issues Economically Weaker Section Certificates to the Applicants?
The application procedure might differ in different states but the department that is responsible for issuing the certificate is constant. The Government of India has allocated the responsibility of issuing the EWS Certificate to the following authorities present in a state. However, the person responsible will be decided by the Stae Government as they shall assign the authority. The responsible officer would any of the following or a team, depending upon the determination of the State:
- District Magistrate or DM of the State and the Additional District Magistrate or the ADM
- Deputy Commissioner or Additional Deputy Commissioner or Extra Assistant Commissioner
- 1st Class Stipendar
- Magistrate or Sub-Divisional Magistrate or even Executive Magistrate or Taluka Magistrate
- Chief Presidency Magistrate or Additional Chief Presidency Magistrate or the Presidency Magistrate in the State
- Revenue Officer but not lower to the standing of a Tehsildar
- Sub-Divisional Officer of the area in which the Citizen and the family live.
Economically Weaker Section Certificate Application Procedure
As mentioned earlier, the application procedure differs from State to State and is not constant across the country. The citizen can contact any of the relevant authorities or visit the District Revenue Office in order to go through the offline application mode.
For online applications, the citizens are advised to check the state portals in order to find the online application form and upload it subsequently.
Application Fee for EWS Certificate
The application fee for the Economically Weaker Section Certificate is minimal given that the Government is aiming to benefit the financially unstable part of the society. Since the Application entirely differs in all the States, the application fee is not uniform as well. The candidates will have to pay the application fee while submitting the form for the EWS Certificate. In the case of the offline method, the authorities will specify in what way they need to pay the fee. In the case of Online Applications, the candidates might have to pay the fee online through the safe transaction window. Whatever the application fee payment method will be, the authorities will specify the same depending upon the method followed in the respective state.
Validity of Economically Weaker Section Certificate
Considering that Income and Assets can never be constant, the Government of India has validated the EWS Certificate. The candidates who are applying for an Economically Weaker Section need to observe that the Certificate will be invalid after a while. The EWS certificate only lasts for a year from the date of issue. Those who already possess an Economically Weaker Section Certificate need to carefully check if it has not yet expired and is valid. The candidates belonging to the Category are specifically advised to keep up with the invalidity date and make a new one, if eligible. They also should especially check the date when applying for any recruitment, institution or scheme. Only a valid EWS Certificate will claim the 10% reservation for the applicant.
Important Links for EWS Certificate Application
|National Portal of India||www.india.gov.in|
|EWS Certificate Format||Click Here|
|Government of India Service Portal||services.india.gov.in|